Various Regulations in the Prevention and Handling of Sexual Violence in the Education Environment of IndonesiaFebruari 2, 2023 2023-02-02 16:08
Various Regulations in the Prevention and Handling of Sexual Violence in the Education Environment of Indonesia
Various Regulations in the Prevention and Handling of Sexual Violence in the Education Environment of IndonesiaPenulis: Romanti
The rise of cases of violence that occurred in the educational environment has made the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology (Kemendikbudristek) move to prevent and deal with this violence. The initial effort made by the Ministry of Education and Culture to overcome this phenomenon was to create a legal umbrella or regulation for both prevention and handling.
For regulations on the prevention and control of acts of violence within educational units, the Ministry of Education and Culture has long promulgated Permendikbud Number 82 of 2015. Currently, these regulations are in the process of being revised so that these regulations become more relevant to the conditions that occur in the field. In the scope of tertiary institutions, the Ministry of Education and Culture has also promulgated Permendikbudristek Number 30 of 2021 and its derivatives, namely Persejen Number 17 of 2022 which regulates more specifically the prevention and handling of sexual violence in tertiary institutions, where statistically the data shows that tertiary institutions are the locus most prone to occurrence acts of sexual violence.
The latest efforts made by the ministry for prevention and handling that are more appropriate and effective, last year the Minister of Education and Culture issued Decree Number 144/P/2022 concerning the Working Group on the Prevention and Handling of Violence in the Education Sector in 2022. The purpose of issuing this Kepmendikbud is to speed up the implementation of handling 3 Major Sins which include bullying, sexual violence, and intolerance in educational settings with a series of tasks that must be carried out as follows:
- planning programs to prevent and deal with bullying, sexual violence, and intolerance;
- implementing programs to prevent and deal with bullying, sexual violence, and intolerance;
- carry out monitoring and evaluation of programs to prevent and deal with bullying, sexual violence, and intolerance; and
- carry out continuous development of monitoring and evaluation results.
Permendikbudristek 30/2021 (Permen PPKS) was one of the big steps that the ministry took at that time, which was a response to the viral news of the disclosure of a case of sexual violence at a State University (PTN). This regulation also has an influence on the issuance of other laws such as Law Number 12 of 2022 (TPKS Law) and Minister of Religion Regulation Number 73 of 2022 concerning PPKS. The issuance of PPKS Regulations also triggers the courage of victims of sexual violence to report it. Throughout 2022, a total of 46 (forty six) cases of sexual violence in tertiary institutions have been directly intervened by the Working Group on the Prevention and Handling of Violence in the Education Sector. This intervention is a form of working group management program, namely facilitating the PPKS Task Force in tertiary institutions in handling cases up to the stage of imposing sanctions on perpetrators and victim recovery mechanisms. The imposition of sanctions on perpetrators is intended to provide a deterrent effect and prevent recurrence.
These various legal umbrellas are indeed a first step, but they have become a strong basis for all auditors and staff at the Ministry of Education and Culture, as well as the PPKS task force at each tertiary institution to act in preventing and handling cases of sexual violence in the educational environment, preventing the recurrence of the same cases. , so that one day it can eliminate or minimize to the smallest extent cases of violence that will damage the mentality of the nation’s children.